How and when women’s cricket started?
Cricket was played by women in many locations in the early 70s; however, the sport was not organized. The official women’s game in India began in 1973 when the empathetic and entrepreneurial Mr. Mahendra Kumar Sharma, the secretary of the founding, established in 1973 the Women’s Cricket Association of India under the Societies Act at Lucknow in 1973 under the presidency of Begum Hamida Habibullah. The moment the news has announced the news, there was great excitement across India. Today cricket match prediction is also done in women’s cricket.
In the initial three years, there was plenty of activity, and women cricketers had a busy during the nine months of the sport. The first Women’s Inter-State Nationals was held in Pune in April of 1973. There were three teams competing – Mumbai, Maharashtra, and UP. The second edition took place in Varanasi at the close of 1973. Today cricket match prediction helps to know who will win the match.
Eight teams took part. When the third championship took place in Calcutta, the number of teams had risen to fourteen. In the following years, all states were involved. In the future, Railways and Air India employed female cricketers and played as teams. In the beginning, this tournament was held by all states, but this format was modified, and an inter-state tournament was played in every zone, and the runners-up and winners of each zone could participate in the Nationals. Thus, there are now 12 teams competing.
In the following years, other tournaments were launched. The inter-zone limited overs tournament – known as the Rani Jhansi Trophy – was held in Kanpur in 1974. The inter-university tournament was held in Rajkot in the same year. The junior and sub-junior tournaments were played for youngsters between the ages of 15 and 19. The winners from each zone played for the Indira Priyadarshini Trophy. The participants of the Nationals were matched with each other in the Rest of India team for the Rau’s Cup.
Following two National at Varanasi, the executive committee was revamped as Mrs. Chandra Tripathi as well as Mrs. Pramilabai Chavan was appointed the president and chairperson, respectively. They, along with the founder secretary, Mr. MK Sharma, played a significant part in the early growth of women’s cricket.
The WCAI was granted International Women’s Cricket Council (IWCC) membership in 1973. It also received government recognition in 1978. As of today, it is a separate entity. WCAI is an autonomous entity that is not associated with BCCI, in contrast to England, New Zealand, and other organizations that have joined the men’s club.
International female cricket took place in India in the year 1975; when cricket was played in the year 1975 when the Australian under-25 team visited India for a three-‘Test’ series. The first Test Match that was conducted in India was played in Pune. The second was played in Delhi and the final one in Calcutta. Three captains were chosen for the three Tests, Ujwala Nikam Sudha Shah as well as Shreeroopa Bose. In the following years, India took on New Zealand, England, Australia, and West Indies both in this country as well as overseas.
It was reported that the New Zealand, Australian, and England players wore skirts while they played in trousers. Indian players and West Indians played in trousers. Girls playing in skirts was an exciting experience because of the large number of fans and teams that toured were amazed to attract an audience of this size. The international matches hardly attracted any crowds and were played on the grounds of clubs, while in India, the international games were played in regular cricket venues.
The first Test match to be won by India was played in front of 25,000 fans in the event that West Indies were beaten at Patna in the year 1976. West Indies went on to beat India in the final test match in Jammu, and the series was decided. In the years following 1975, there was a great deal of international cricket being played up to 1986; however, after that, it was not played in 1991.
India took home the One Day series for the first time when they took part in the Centenary Celebrations of New Zealand Cricket in 1995. This was a huge boost in the morale of women’s sports in New Zealand.
Following that, the Women’s Cricket Association merged with the English Cricket Board; the Indian team went on tour in England first in the year 1999. The team was extremely successful. They took the one-day series and also drew in the test series.
A few players such as Shanta Rangaswamy, Diana Edulji, Sudha Shah, and Sandhya Agarwal made a major contribution to the game and had a significant influence on it. Shanta became the very first Indian female cricketer to reach 100 runs in international cricket, and Sandhya Agarwal made a world record of 191 runs in one innings during a test match in England in 1986. In addition, Neetu David’s 8-53 against England in 1995-96 was the best bowling performance for a Test match.
The Indian government has acknowledged the achievements of women cricketers by conferring the famous Arjuna Award to the following women: Shanta Rangaswamy, Diana Edulji, Shubhangi Kulkarni, and Sandhya Agarwal.
India participated in the World Cup competitions in 1978, 1982, 1993, and 1997. The third World Cup in 1978 was hosted by the WCAI, which was in existence for just five years and did not have major sponsors.
In the same way, for the 2nd time in India, this World Cup was held in 1997, and record-breaking 11 nations took part. Hero Honda sponsored this tournament which sparked a great deal of interest across the nation. The final match against Australia as well as New Zealand at Eden Gardens in Calcutta saw a record attendance of 80 thousand spectators. The program of cultural entertainment that took place following the match made it the most vibrant final to be ever held.
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